The 5 Essentials of Kayaking

There are five essential items that you absolutely cannot go kayaking without. This list is specifically for whitewater rivers, but in the ocean you will want the same five essentials, especially in areas with surf landings. Without further ado, here are the five essentials:


Duh. You can’t go kayaking without a kayak. The kayak is your transportation, carries your gear, and becomes an extension of your body. Kayaks can be made of plastic (most common), fiberglass, wood, or skin (traditional). Which kind you use depends on your skill, the type of water you’re paddling, and so on.


This is how you move the kayak. A paddle will enable you to move in the direction of your choice; otherwise you are just drifting (also known as Daoist Rafting). Each person needs their own paddle, and it’s best if the group carries a spare breakdown paddle.

PFD (Life Jacket)

Absolutely, absolutely required. PFD stands for “Personal Floatation Device,” and does exactly that. It’s best to avoid uncomfortable, cheap PFDs and invest in something you will enjoy wearing. Whenever you’re on the water you should be wearing a PFD. It’s also a great place to store sunscreen, snacks, and safety equipment like carabiners and webbing.


This is a covering that fits over your torso and the cockpit of the kayak, and keeps water out. When you are wearing a sprayskirt, it’s possible to roll the kayak completely over. It also protects against waves filling your boat with water. The sprayskirt is what makes the kayak such a powerful tool: even if you flip in difficult whitewater, you can just roll up and keep going. If you can’t roll, you can pull the tab on your sprayskirt to release yourself from the boat, known as the “wet exit” or “swimming.” The only kind of kayak that doesn’t use a sprayskirt is the sit-on-top.


Mandatory in whitewater or any situation where you might be upside down. There are a variety of kinds from above the ears to full face, depending on your needs. If you are running whitewater, this is another item that is nice to spend a bit more on to make sure it’s comfortable, because you will always be wearing it.

You will almost certainly need to bring more with you than these five essentials, but if you were going out on a day trip in warm weather with no safety gear, it is possible to go kayaking with only these five items.


A Great Catch Starts With the Right Fly Fishing Equipment

Great fly fishing equipment is the only thing that is standing between you and a perfect day out on the river. When out on the open stream, you don’t want shoddy equipment keeping you from enjoying your day. Fly fishing is all about forgetting everything else that is going on, and likewise fly fishing equipment is engineered to keep you in touch with the stream and not much else. Each piece of fly fishing equipment should really be aimed at you catching fish and enjoying yourself while you are doing it.

There is some basic fly fishing equipment that beginners need to get started. It may vary slightly depending on where you live, but for the most part, armed with these pieces of fly fishing equipment, you should be ready to go out on the water.

Rod & Reel

One of the most necessary pieces of fly fishing equipment is your rod. Beginners need a five weight rod that is about 8 to 9 feet long. Next you need a reel. You should look for one that will hold about 100 yards of backing and floating fly line. A single-action reel is the best fly fishing equipment for beginners.

Fishing Line

When it comes to line, you should not skimp on this piece of fly fishing equipment. Get the most expensive line you can afford. This is the most important part of your fly fishing equipment. As the saying goes, “You get what you pay for,” so pay for the best. Look for five weight floating line to match your other fly fishing equipment, like your rod.


Of course, you will need to add flies to your list of fly fishing equipment. The type of flies you choose will depend on what type of fish you are trying to catch and what type of water you are fishing in. You will probably want to include both wet and dry flies on your equipment list.

Pair of Waders

Before you get in the water, you will need a pair of waders. Different people prefer different types of this equipment. The newer waders are more lightweight and are made from materials such as gortex and neoprene. This choice of fly fishing equipment really depends on personal preference. Try on many different pairs and see which ones are the most comfortable and the easiest for you to move in.

Your list of fly fishing equipment wouldn’t be complete with out a few obvious items. Make sure to pack sunscreen and a small first aid kit. A sunburn or cut may end an otherwise pleasant fishing trip. Wear a hat, not only to keep the sun out of your face, but also to keep your line and hook from hitting your face. Now you should be armed with the necessary fly fishing equipment and be ready to head out in the water and catch some fish!


Basic Deer Hunting Tips for a Successful Hunt

For the experienced hunter the following deer hunting tips may seem obvious but the basics need to be reviewed often and for beginners they need to be learned well.  A successful deer hunt involves more than traipsing through the woods and shooting a trophy deer. There is a lot of preparation required, safety precautions to be followed and discipline needed, but by following these basic deer hunting tips you will greatly increase your chance of having an enjoyable and successful hunt.

Basic Safety Tips:

  • Avoid all alcoholic beverages before and during hunting.
  • Treat your gun as if it is loaded and ready to shoot; never rely on a gun’s safety.
  • Don’t climb a tree or stand, jump a ditch, or cross a fence with a loaded gun.
  • Never pull the trigger unless you are absolutely sure your target is a deer.

Tips to Get A Deer:

Start Early

While some hunters prefer to hunt an entire day, sunrise and sunset are the preferred times for finding game. Deer tend to come out of the brush to feed only in the early morning and late pre-dusk hours. Head out to your deer stand or blind well before daylight in the mornings and well before dark on evening hunts. This gives the hunter plenty of time to get set-up and be prepared before the deer start to be active. Nothing is more disheartening than arriving to your hunting area, chasing away a magnificent buck while getting to your stand or blind because you arrived too late, and not seeing another deer the rest of the hunt!

No Scents

Always be aware and take precautions to eliminate any unnatural odors. What may smell good to your spouse or friends usually smells like dander to a deer. No deodorant, cologne, perfume, after shave, or scented/deodorant soaps. Wash the clothing you will be wearing with an unscented detergent or plain water before a hunt. Deer have an amazingly sensitive sense of smell and even the slightest hint of a scent can send them scrambling away.

Be Still

When you are in a stand or blind move as little as possible and very slowly when you do. I believe the hardest thing for me to learn was the technique of slowly looking from side to side for hours at a time while sitting in a freezing cold deer stand. Deer are extremely wary of any sudden motion.

Be Silent

Silence is essential to a successful deer hunt. I have often been amazed (and later disappointed) with the sensitivity of a deer’s hearing. Deer are especially alert to human voice or any sort of unnatural sound. If you are hunting with a partner and must speak only do so in a very low whisper and use slow hand signals whenever possible. Always be careful not to knock your gun against the stand or a pair of binoculars.

These are just the very basic deer hunting tips and there are a lot of other things to know before you can call yourself an expert, but following these few deer hunting tips will greatly increase your chances of bring home that trophy buck you have been dreaming of.


Vortex Nomad 20-60×60 Spotting Scope – Perfect Scope for Deer Hunting or Target Practice

Vortex being established during 1986 is a global brand spread across different continents. Their products go through stringent quality control with the modern facility located in central Wisconsin. The product range of this brand includes rifle scopes, red dot scopes, binoculars, spotting scopes and monocular. The ranges in the spotting scope are many which are been classified based on the spec and the application. The following is the review of Vortex Nomad 20-60×60 Spotting Scope which gives you a clearer idea of the product.

Product Overview:

This model is known for its light weight construction which comes with a compact finish. Stands apart from the crowd with its rugged and waterproof construction. The eyepiece of the same is angled which makes it suitable for the experienced hands. Overall it is an all rounder which allows you to use for different applications without any fuss.


The various features of Vortex Nomad 20-60×60 Waterproof, Fog proof Spotting Scope is the highlight that dictates the choice of the user. Putting it to use when it has enhanced features makes it an efficient model. The brief description of the same is been discussed as follows.

  • Fully multi-coated lenses are surely an advantage it increases the light transmission and the coating on the air to glass surface gives an anti-reflective observation.
  • Angled body design is best used on lower mounting height which gives better stability in a windy weather. It is of great comfort when used for extended hours. It is also perfect to be used on a tripod.
  • Waterproof construction with the O-rings seal prevents the moisture, dust and the water to get inside the device and hence it makes observation easy in any weather conditions.
  • Fog proofed device with the nitrogen gas purging makes it an efficient device which gives an uninterrupted observation.
  • Multi-position eye cup allows you to twist it up and down to make it suitable for the viewing eyes. It is also great for those with the eye glasses on.
  • Sunshade present in the eyepiece helps to reduce the glaring and it also acts as a shield to the lens from the rain drops and the snow.
  • Rotating tripod ring allows you to rotate the eyepiece sideways to any extend and hence the turning of tripod is not required. This is also makes it easy to mount on the car window

The Basics:

Like most of the Vortex models this product also attires in green colour. It measures 13.2 inches in length and the weight is as little as 36.1 ounces. The rubber armouring protects the internal mechanism to a greater extend. Being designed with the porro prism it gives it a compact appearance which makes the carry easy. The eyecup is angled which is better performing than the straight models.

Technical Know-how:

Magnification – This model gives a zoom magnification power which can be set from 20x to 60x. This means the objects are magnified this many times than the original size. Based on the power of magnification the application is been determined.

Aperture – The measurement of the objective lens diameter is the aperture of this model which is 60mm, the larger the aperture the brighter will be the objects. It gathers better light making it a better viewing experience even in the twilight.

Field of view – The linear field of view at the distance of 1000 yards is 114 feet at the minimum magnification and 51 feet at the magnification. The angular field of view starts from 2.2 degree to 1 degree.

Close focus – As close as 20 feet is the observation ability of this scope and this makes it useful for observing the moving objects.

Exit pupil – This is the small round located in the centre of the objective lens which measures 3mm to 1mm based on the magnification set. It supports the objectives lens in the task of light gathering.

Eye relief – As a fact this dictates the device as to the suitability for the eye glass wearers. The eye relief of this model is 14mm to 17mm and it is sure to comfort the user even when on extended working hours which this scope.

Package Contents and Warranty:

Supplied along with the VIP Unconditional lifetime warranty offered by the manufacturer are the Eyepiece cap, objective lens cover, view through carry case and that makes Vortex Nomad 20-60×60 Porro Prism Spotting Scope a unique one.


How to Choose Airgun Scope for Control Tilapia Pest Fishes?

What is the best airgun scope for controlling tilapia pest fishes? There is a wide array of airgun scope on the market with varying features and specifications making it challenging to choose the best. However, the best airgun hunting scope is one that best fits your hunting needs.

For tilapia pest fishes, you will need less power and a larger field of view. This is because you’re aiming at live targets that are likely moving.

So, how do you go about choosing the best airgun scope for controlling tilapia fishes? In this post, we shall look at some amazing tips/tricks on how to select airgun scope for control of tilapia pest fishes.

An adjustable objective

This is an essential feature that allows shooters to focus from a small distance of a few yards to several meters. While most firearm scopes allow up to 100 yards of parallax to accommodate the long shooting requirements, airgun scopes need to have shorter parallax to allow the short shooting distances. You’re not going to shoot a moving fish from 100 yards out.

An adjustable objective is a must if you’re going to achieve maximum accuracy from short distances on your airgun.

Magnification range

The magnification power of the airgun scope is another important feature to consider. Numbers like 4 X 32 on the scope indicate the magnification power of the scope. Higher magnification means you will see less of the area through the scope. Things get enlarged, but there are drawbacks when you have more magnifying power.

You’re looking for a scope that will best hunt tilapia fishes, so scopes with something on the middle like 3 X 12 OR 4 X 16 are excellent selections.

Fixed magnification scope

This is another important aspect to consider when looking at magnification. A fixed magnification scope is simple and easy to operate as it does not have any moving parts.  There are high chances of everything operating smoothly when you don’t have to move any parts.

Variable power

Apart from the magnification power, there is the variable power which is indicated as 4-16X 32 instead of the usual 4 X 32. This means the scope’s magnification will vary from 4 to 16 with the objective lens ben 32mm.

When choosing an airgun scope for hunting fish, variable power choices are better since they give you several power options. You will start with low power to see the fish and then increase the power slowly for a precision shooting at close ranges. Higher magnification scopes with variable powers give you the best of both worlds when shooting live targets at close ranges.


Commonly referred to as cross chairs, reticles are the vertical and horizontal lines in the middle of the lens for precision shooting. They usually come in a dozen arrangements, but the plain truth is that any arrangement will work just fine. However, for airgun shooting, the simple milled dot or plain reticles are considered ideal.  This is because they give airgunners additional points to aim and can easily determine range if the shooter works out the math.

Some few scope models have reticles that move within the field of view when adjusted. However, most hunters prefer centered reticles.

Choosing the best airgun scope for tilapia fish hunting is not easy for every person as there is always another model with some features you want.  You have to compromise on some features as there is no single scope with all the features you want.

However, make sure the scope you choose can easily be mounted on your airgun.


Fly Fishing Instruction Can Take Your Fly Fishing to the Next Level

Have you ever considered fly fishing instruction? Or ever watched someone fly fishing?

Where did these people get their fly fishing instruction? Some learned the skills and techniques from a father or grandfather, while others may have gotten instruction from a childhood friend. If you weren’t fortunate enough to have a working knowledge of fly fishing passed onto you, then you will need some fly fishing instruction.

There are many things you should consider when choosing fly fishing instruction. One thing to consider is how much time you can invest. If you can only escape from work for a day or two, choose a course near where you live, so travel time isn’t a factor. Fly fishing instruction can be as short as a half-day clinic or as long as a week course. Cost should be considered as well. Obviously, the longer the course, the more it will cost.

Consider what type of fly fishing instruction you are looking for. Will you be fishing in fresh water or salt water? Do you want to catch warm water fish or cold water fish? Make sure the fly fishing instruction you choose will offer specific information on the type of fly fishing you plan to do.

Find out how much of the fly fishing instruction is actually on the water. Since fly fishing requires a lot of practice, you don’t want to spend most of the time sitting in a classroom. Also, find out what exactly the fly fishing instruction covers. A good class should cover casting, entomology, knot basics, and how to read the water.

Determine what equipment you need to bring to the fly fishing instruction. If it requires equipment you don’t own, see if you could rent that equipment or borrow it from a friend. To make the best of your instruction time, make sure all paperwork and licensing requirements are completed before your fly fishing instruction begins.

Fly fishing instruction is an excellent way to learn new skills, whether you are a beginner in the sport or a seasoned angler. Choose the right instruction for you and you’ll be reeling in the ones legends are made of in no time!