Fish farming is a prominent business that is widely practiced. Just like any other commercial business, the success of the business relies on its management with a proper set up. Fish are nutritious and can be a source of income if the fish farm has been properly done.
If you’re unfamiliar with the business and is interested in starting a fish pond for fish farming, you could get started by conducting a research. Find out where there are seminars on fish farming management for you to get well acquainted with the methods. The first step is to get started with the construction of the pond, fertilizing, and preparing the fish. You are then set to begin with the management process.
Stocking your pond
Stocking of fish is like bringing stock into a business. It simply means placing fish into your pond. Depending on the size of the pond, you will have a stock density which refers to the amount of fish that should be comfortably present. Overstocking may lead to competition in terms of the provision of food and it may end up deterring the growth and production of more fish.
After stocking, you have to properly care for them. The management entails a number of things such as:
- Fertilization and feeding the fish
- Keeping the pond in a good state
- Monitoring the health of the fish and factors affecting them
This is an everyday business meaning you have to consistently check on them. The most fundamental things to do on a daily basis include:
- Ensure that there are no leaks from the pond
- Clean and change the filters
- Observe the fish near the feeding point
- Feed the fish
- Watch out for any predatory fish
For a higher level of productivity, ensure that you are able to check at the same time every day. It is recommended that you do it early in the morning since that’s when the oxygen levels are at the lowest and this is the time that they are more prone to troubles.
At the end of the month, you would require a more intense treatment than usual. Some of the things you need to pay attention to include:
- Checking the pond walls and cut any long grass or plants if necessary
- Checking the bottom of the pond and look for any buildup of silt; and organic matter should be removed
- Remove weeds if there are any
- Check for leaks and blockage
- Check the fertility and turbidity of the water
- Check for any signs of diseases as any outbreaks will spread quickly
The productivity of the fish will predominantly rely on how you treat the fish throughout the process. To make the most out of it, there is need for consistency without fail. Having a proper management system will help you have a bountiful harvest in the end.